We all know that the Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and the final court of appeal under the Constitution of India. Its power of judicial review lies in the hands of the Chief Justice of India and 30 other judges. Whatever the decision taken by the Supreme Court is the final decision, binding on all the courts in India. Earlier, the Court met only from 10 am to 12 pm and then 2 pm to 4 pm for only 28 days in a year. But today, it meets for 190 days a year. You surely know that the Supreme Court is situated in the capital of India – New Delhi but, do you know these interesting facts about the building of our supreme justice?
- The foundation stone of the Supreme Court building was laid on 29th October 1954 by Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India.
- The main block of the building has been built on a 17 acre triangular plot in Hardinge Avenue, opposite to the Hardinge Bridge. It has been designed in an Indo-British style by Ganesh Bhikaji Deolalikar, a chief architect and the first Indian to head the Central Public Works Department.
- The building of the Supreme Court has been designed and shaped in such a way as to represent the scales of justice, keeping in mind Rajendra Prasad’s words which stated that the two pans of the scales of justice have to be held evenly without allowing the beam from which they hang to incline to any of its sides. The Central Wing of the Supreme Court building that comprises the Chief Justice’s Court and two large courtrooms on either side represents the central beam of the scales of justice. The right and left wings of the building represent the two scales. The Right Wing comprises of the offices of the Attorney General of India and other law officers, the bar-room and the library. The Left Wing comprises of the offices of the Court.
- The Court moved into the building in the year 1958. Two new wings – the East Wing and the West Wing were added to the structure in 1979. The last extension was added in the year 1994.
- On 20th February 1980, a black bronze sculpture that was sculpted by the renowned artist Chintamoni Kar was installed in the lawn of the Supreme Court premises. With a height of 210 centimeters, this statue shows a lady sheltering a child, who is holding an open book in his hands. This statue is built with a very deep thought. It portrays Mother India as the lady, who shows to protect the young Republic of India, which is shown as a child; and the open book represents the laws of land. There is a balance shown on the book, which represents equal justice given to all.